bordermarkers of the
Pyrenees : maintenance
|Once installed or engraved,
bordermarkers are subject to weathering, damaging, disappearing and
disputes as all things are. They need inspection, surveillance,
binational consultation and maintenance. And that requires an
organisational infrastructure. On this page bits and pieces
found so far on these matters.
Establishment of the "Commission
Internationale des Limites" - later "Commission Internationale de
Pyrénées"- , charged with the application of the Bayonne-treaties.
The Commission Internationale de Pyrénées
assembles at Madrid and orders a inspection and restauration of all the
bordermarkers. A large part of them had disappeared since the 19th
century. This restauration took place in the 1950-ies.
The discussion about the bm408-submarkers (see this page) reveals a little about how maintenance-things were dealt with around this time. On the French side there was a
Frontalière de la Haute-Garonne' with in Spain the
'Commission Frontalière de Lérida'. Together
agreed on a proposal.
The 'Commission Internationale des Pyrénées' being the highest
commission, making the final decisions.
An agreement about the delimitation and maintenance of the border ("Accord
relatif à l'abornement et à l'entretien de la frontière", see treaties).
Along some general regulations, the border was divided in 6 sections
for the permanent officials ("délégués permanents") to be appointed on
either side of the border. One official could cover more than one
section and should deliver an annual report on the state of affairs of
the border(markers). Another novelty is the installation of a
"Commission Mixte d'Abornement" with 4 'délégués' of either country
which should assemble each year.
See these proceedings
of a meeting of the Commission Mixte d'Abornement" to get an impression
of the subjects discussed and the diplomatic intonation. Now and then
there's mentioning of the "Commission Internationale de
Pyrénées" but apparently they are also allowed to make decisions on
In this newspaper-article we read that there
are three men in the Pyrenees assigned with the dream-job of checking
the bordermarkers. These must be the "délégués permanents" mentioned above. It's an interview with Jean-Paul
Laborie - a retired geography-professor - who takes care of the
Pyrénées Centrales. We learn that Michael Ransou takes care of
the Pyrénées Atlantiques and André Pichon (from 2013 Christian Lajarrige) covers the
Pyrénées-Orientales. Who are their Spanish counterparts?
It's not easy to find out who are the members of the Commission Mixte
d'Abornement. By combining various sources, I guess these are the
Esteban Faci -> Delegado Permanente de Amojonamiento por Navarra
José Antonio Lorés -> Delegado Permanente de Amojonamiento por Huesca
Ruben Rumacha Grau -> Delegado Permanente de Amojonamiento por Lleida
Joan Capdevila Subirana -> Delegado Permanente de Amojonamiento por Girona
Michael Ransou -> délégué permanent pour les Pyrénées Atlantiques
Jean-Paul Laborie -> délégué permanent pour les Pyrénées centrales
Christian Lajarrige -> délégué permanent pour les Pyrénées-Orientales